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I'm getting Key error in python


Question

In my python program I am getting this error:

KeyError: 'variablename'

From this code:

path = meta_entry['path'].strip('/'),

Can anyone please explain why this is happening?

2015/07/15
1
192
7/15/2015 11:50:56 PM

Accepted Answer

A KeyError generally means the key doesn't exist. So, are you sure the path key exists?

From the official python docs:

exception KeyError

Raised when a mapping (dictionary) key is not found in the set of existing keys.

For example:

>>> mydict = {'a':'1','b':'2'}
>>> mydict['a']
'1'
>>> mydict['c']
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
KeyError: 'c'
>>>

So, try to print the content of meta_entry and check whether path exists or not.

>>> mydict = {'a':'1','b':'2'}
>>> print mydict
{'a': '1', 'b': '2'}

Or, you can do:

>>> 'a' in mydict
True
>>> 'c' in mydict
False
2017/06/14
265
6/14/2017 9:01:09 AM


For dict, just use

if key in dict

and don't use searching in key list

if key in dict.keys()

The latter will be more time-consuming.

2020/07/13

Yes, it is most likely caused by non-exsistent key.

In my program, I used setdefault to mute this error, for efficiency concern. depending on how efficient is this line

>>>'a' in mydict.keys()  

I am new to Python too. In fact I have just learned it today. So forgive me on the ignorance of efficiency.

In Python 3, you can also use this function,

get(key[, default]) [function doc][1]

It is said that it will never raise a key error.

2013/01/10

This means your array is missing the key you're looking for. I handle this with a function which either returns the value if it exists or it returns a default value instead.

def keyCheck(key, arr, default):
    if key in arr.keys():
        return arr[key]
    else:
        return default


myarray = {'key1':1, 'key2':2}

print keyCheck('key1', myarray, '#default')
print keyCheck('key2', myarray, '#default')
print keyCheck('key3', myarray, '#default')

Output:

1
2
#default
2013/08/01

I received this error when I was parsing dict with nested for:

cats = {'Tom': {'color': 'white', 'weight': 8}, 'Klakier': {'color': 'black', 'weight': 10}}
cat_attr = {}
for cat in cats:
    for attr in cat:
        print(cats[cat][attr])

Traceback:

Traceback (most recent call last):
      File "<input>", line 3, in <module>
    KeyError: 'K'

Because in second loop should be cats[cat] instead just cat (what is just a key)

So:

cats = {'Tom': {'color': 'white', 'weight': 8}, 'Klakier': {'color': 'black', 'weight': 10}}
cat_attr = {}
for cat in cats:
    for attr in cats[cat]:
        print(cats[cat][attr])

Gives

black
10
white
8
2018/02/08

Let us make it simple if you're using Python 3

mydict = {'a':'apple','b':'boy','c':'cat'}
check = 'c' in mydict
if check:
    print('c key is present')

If you need else condition

mydict = {'a':'apple','b':'boy','c':'cat'}
if 'c' in mydict:
    print('key present')
else:
    print('key not found')

For the dynamic key value, you can also handle through try-exception block

mydict = {'a':'apple','b':'boy','c':'cat'}
try:
    print(mydict['c'])
except KeyError:
    print('key value not found')mydict = {'a':'apple','b':'boy','c':'cat'}
2020/06/29