How to fix "The ConnectionString property has not been initialized"


When I start my application I get: The ConnectionString property has not been initialized.


    <add name="MyDB"
         connectionString="Data Source=localhost\sqlexpress;Initial Catalog=mydatabase;User Id=myuser;Password=mypassword;" />

The stack being:

System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection.PermissionDemand() +4876643
System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnectionFactory.PermissionDemand(DbConnection outerConnection) +20
System.Data.ProviderBase.DbConnectionClosed.OpenConnection(DbConnection outerConnection, DbConnectionFactory connectionFactory) +117
System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection.Open() +122

I'm fairly new to .NET and I don't get this one. I found a lot of answers on Google, but none really fixed my issue.

What does that mean? Is my web.config bad? Is my function bad? Is my SQL configuration not working correctly (I'm using sqlexpress)?

My main problem here is that I'm not sure where to start to debug this... anything would help.


Failling code:


sqlQuery is a query like "select * from table". sqlParams is not relevant here.

The other problem here is that my company uses MySQLHelper, and I have no visibility over it (only have a dll for a helper lib). It has been working fine in other projects, so I'm 99% that the error doesn't come from here.

I guess if there's no way of debuging it without seeing the code I'll have to wait to get in touch with the person who created this helper in order to get the code.

6/17/2009 3:44:07 PM

Accepted Answer

Referencing the connection string should be done as such:


ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["ConnectionString"] would be looking in the AppSettings for something named ConnectionString, which it would not find. This is why your error message indicated the "ConnectionString" property has not been initialized, because it is looking for an initialized property of AppSettings named ConnectionString.

ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["MyDB"].ConnectionString instructs to look for the connection string named "MyDB".

Here is someone talking about using web.config connection strings

7/14/2014 3:46:51 PM

You get this error when a datasource attempts to bind to data but cannot because it cannot find the connection string. In my experience, this is not usually due to an error in the web.config (though I am not 100% sure of this).

If you are programmatically assigning a datasource (such as a SqlDataSource) or creating a query (i.e. using a SqlConnection/SqlCommand combination), make sure you assigned it a ConnectionString.

var connection = new SqlConnection(ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings[nameOfString].ConnectionString);

If you are hooking up a databound element to a datasource (i.e. a GridView or ComboBox to a SqlDataSource), make sure the datasource is assigned to one of your connection strings.

Post your code (for the databound element and the web.config to be safe) and we can take a look at it.

EDIT: I think the problem is that you are trying to get the Connection String from the AppSettings area, and programmatically that is not where it exists. Try replacing that with ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["ConnectionString"].ConnectionString (if ConnectionString is the name of your connection string.)


The connection string is not in AppSettings.

What you're looking for is in:


I stumbled in the same problem while working on a web api Asp Net Core project. I followed the suggestion to change the reference in my code to:


but adding the reference to System.Configuration.dll caused the error "Reference not valid or not supported".

Configuration manager error

To fix the problem I had to download the package System.Configuration.ConfigurationManager using NuGet (Tools -> Nuget Package-> Manage Nuget packages for the solution)


Use [] instead of () as below example.

SqlDataAdapter adapter = new SqlDataAdapter(sql, ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["FADB_ConnectionString"].ConnectionString);
            DataTable data = new DataTable();
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();

Simply in Code Behind Page use:-

SqlConnection con = new SqlConnection("Data Source = DellPC; Initial Catalog = Account; user = sa; password = admin");

It Should Work Just Fine


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